Here are examples of antique and modern samples of these lace styles:
Modern example from one of the shopping sites:
Estonia:"Greta Garbo" 1936 (picture from the site of the Laanemaa Museum)
Here is an absolutely stunning modern example by Rees
- In all three cases the tradition started from the necessity to bring extra income: women knitted shawls to sell.
- The big difference is that Estonian knitters used sheep wool yarns while Orenburg and Ukrainian ones were hand spun out of goat's undercoats (gossamer).
- Orenburg region of Russia developed this craft into industrial scale operation.
- Estonia had at some point (during the Soviet era) a knitting collective that produced shawls on semi-industrial scale.
- Ukrainian knitted lace production (to my knowledge) is mainly family-based businesses.