If you talk to a Russian lady about the Orenburg Shawl, she will tell you that there are at least three different types of traditional shawls: a shawl itself, a wrap and a web. In recent years the fourth type is knitted as well: a stole.
Here are definitions of each type (1):
“Wrap (pronounced: “pla-‘tok”) – is a big square cashmere piece, with a design along the border. The center generally has smooth knitting, without any pattern. It yields to a web in its beauty because of the density of the knitting pattern, but it is much warmer. It is a necessity in a cold weather. It can be worn on a head (instead of hat – NB), or draped over the shoulders.
Shawl (“shaa-l’”) - is a big square cashmere piece, with designs both along the border and in the center. It yields to a wrap in its thickness because of the types of knitted patterns, but it is as warm as a wrap. It is a necessity in cool weather. Can be worn on a head or draped over the shoulders.
Web (“pa-u-‘tin-ka”) - is a square cashmere piece with a very fine, almost transparent knitting pattern. The Web is more chic and attractive than the wrap, but less warm. Can be worn on a head or as a beautiful accessory. Makes an excellent gift. Do you want to surprise a loved one? Give her a web as a present.
Stole (“pa-lan-‘tin”) – is a fine cashmere piece with lace knitting pattern. It is a rectangular shape, resembles scarf with different designs. Can be worn as a scarf or elegantly draped over the shoulders."
Source (originally in Russian, translated by me):